The giant condyloma acuminatum or Buschke-Loewenstein tumor is a rare, sexually transmitted disease. It is an epithelial tumor characterized by its high potential of malignancy towards developing into a highly invasive squamous cell carcinoma.
The present case concerns a drug addicted 40-year-old man who smuggled drugs using his rectum. He had a partially ulcerated mass in the perianal area of about 20 x 10 cm. He reported a progressive growth of this neoplasm during the last 3 years associated with perianal pain, obstructed defecation, bad sitting posture, no fever and weight loss. Our first approach was a left laparoscopic loop colostomy for a fecal diversion and antalgic purpose, and biopsy of the perineal mass.
Then, he underwent a complete excision of the perianal neoplasm. The pathologist’s positive diagnosis of a well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, evidently necessitated the radicalization of the surgical procedure of abdominal perineal resection. In consideration of the surgical wound depth and size, a VAC Therapy with Negative Pressure Wound Therapy was applied.
The BLT incidence rate has been steadily increasing over the last decade especially among male patients. An aggressive surgical approach is usually to get the best oncologic outcome but the difficult management of the perianal wound is challenging. In our experience VAC therapy has been shown to be an effective tool in promoting the healing of the perineal wound after abdominoperineal resection.