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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Spontaneous chronic subdural hematoma in young adult: the role of missing coagulation facto

Original Article, 66 - 70
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2017.38.2.066
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Abstract
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Aim. Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is typically in elderly and rarely in young people. To prevent complications and re-bleeding after surgical treatment of CSDH it is important to assess the risk factors as coagulation disorders especially in young patients (below 65 years) with no history of head trauma, alcohol abuse or anticoagulant therapy.
Patients and methods. This study consists of 16 patients (12 males, 4 females) with age ranging from 27 to 59 years (median 48,25 years) operated for CSDH. All patients are submitted to routine coagulation parameters pre-operatively and complete screening for unknown coagulation deficit in the follow-up.
Results. Factor VII was altered in 6 out of 16 patients and one patient had the alteration of the Von Willebrand factor. Recurrence occurred in 4 out of 16 patients and all of these patients were positive for factor VII deficiency. Three pts were in therapy with ASA. No patients were alcoholists or suffered from hematological disease.
Conclusion. In this study we documented that the decreased activity of VII factor may play a role in the pathophysiology and recurrence of spontaneous CSDH in young adults. We suggest that for young patients aged under 65 y.o. suffered from CSDH the screening of coagulation factors is useful to planning a safely and correct surgical therapy.

Vol. XXXVIII (No. 3) 2017 May - June

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