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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Neoplastic sigmoid-uterine fistula.
An exceptional complication of large intestine cancer

Clinical practice, 37 - 40
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2017.38.1.037
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Abstract
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Neoplastic sigmoid-uterine fistula is an extremely rare condition because the uterus is a thick and muscular organ. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to the First Aid Station suffering from abdominal pain and foul smelling vaginal discharge. Gynaecological examination showed fecal drainage from the cervical orifice, while the uterus was regular in size but very firm and painful. Ovaries and fallopian tubes were not palpable owing to abdominal tenderness. Ultrasounds reveled inhomogeneous thickening of uterine cavity, without detecting fistula.
Contrast Medium CT (CMCT) showed Douglas' recto-uterine pouch occluded. The sigmoid wall was very thin exception a site where a fistula was suspected. At the surgery severe adhesions of the sigma-rectum with the posterior uterine wall were observed. After adhesiolysis, 18 cm colon-sigma-rectum was removed. Total hysterectomy with salpingooophorectomy was performed. Lymphadenectomy ended the procedure.
Anatomical specimen confirmed sigmoid-uterine fistula. At histology a mildly differentiated adenocarcinoma of sigma-rectum was shown. Postoperative course was uneventful. Such a case of neoplastic sigmoiduterine fistula has not been reported so far.

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