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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Laparoscopic or open hemicolectomy for elderly patients with right colon cancer? A retrospective analysis

Original Article, 205 - 208
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2015.36.5.205
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Abstract
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Aim. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term surgical outcomes of laparoscopically-assisted right hemicolectomy (LRH) and open right hemicolectomy (ORH) in elderly patients.
Patients and methods-Results. Seventy-five patients underwent right hemicolectomy for cancer during the study period, with 41 patients aged ≥ 70 years old. Twenty-four patients underwent ORH and seventeen patients had a LRH (58% vs 42%).We found no differences between ORH and LRH in terms of mean operative time :89,5 minutes in open vs 80 minutes in laparoscopic group and return of bowel function (2,76 vs 2,54 days). Also the length of hospital stay did not differ significantly between the two groups (8,5 days in ORH vs 7 days in LRH – p 0,06). Postoperative morbidity was higher in ORH (25% vs 5%) though not statistically significant and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was similar between the two groups (8% vs 5%).
Conclusion. Laparoscopic RH in an elderly population is feasible and safe. However, we found no evidence to suggest that it is better than open RH and think that the decision regarding the method of operation should reflect surgeon expertise, patient co-morbidities and the necessity to perform extended resections.

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