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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

The final outcome of indeterminate cytology of thyroid nodules in a District General Hospital

Clinical practice, 122 - 127
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2015.36.3.122
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Abstract
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Background. Diagnostic thyroid lobectomy is performed to resolve the dilemma of indeterminate (Thy3) cytology of thyroid nodules. But on final histology most nodules are benign thereby subjecting this group of patients to surgery with its associated risks.
Aim. To determine the proportion of cancers in patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules.
Patients and methods. This is a retrospective observational study of 621 patients who underwent fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of their thyroid nodules over a 60 month period in a district general hospital.
Patient demographics, cytology and final histology results were extracted from the hospital database.
Results. On final analysis, 48 patients had an indeterminate cytology (7.7%) and 12 patients had cancer in this group (25%) following diagnostic lobectomy.
Conclusion. Till an alternative robust technology becomes widely available we need to continue to perform diagnostic lobectomy in patients with indeterminate cytology in view of the high incidence of thyroid cancer in this group of patients.

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    doi: 10.11138/gchir/2015.36.3.122
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