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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Amyand’s hernia: role of CT for a correct diagnosis

Clinical practice, 44 - 48
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Abstract
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Amyand’s hernia consists in the protrusion of the vermiform appendix into an inguinal hernia sac and represents an uncommon condition with a difficult preoperative diagnosis to be recognized with clinical examination and imaging diagnostic tools in order to choose a correct therapeutic approach for the patient. Four types of Amyand’s hernias exist. The case of a recurrent type 1 Amyand’s hernia is presented.
Multi detector computed tomography allowed a correct diagnosis and the subsequent surgical treatment had no complication for the patient. Radiologists and surgeons need to be aware of this pathology and its classification, as well as of the importance of recognizing both the inflamed and normal appendix within the inguinal canal and the abdominal complications. With the availability of multi detector CT scanning, a greater number of type 1 and 2 hernias are able to be preoperatively diagnosed, and type 3 and 4 better characterized in emergency situation, allowing to perform the best surgical treatment and reducing the chances of pathological recurrence.

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