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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Right pneumothorax secondary to colonoscopic perforation: a case

Clinical practice, 375 - 377
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2018.39.6.375
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Abstract
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Aim. The purpose of this study is to determine the anatomical aspects, mechanisms, risk factors and appropriate management of development of pneumothorax during a routine colonoscopy.
Clinical case. We report a case of an accidental bowel wall injury during diagnostic colonoscopic with consequent pneumoperitoneum; this was followed by expansion of gas through diaphragmatic fenestration perhaps congenital, in right pleural cavity causing pneumothorax.
Discussion. Rarely, colonic perforation during colonoscopy can occur into the extraperitoneal space, thus leading to the passage and diffusion of air along the fascial planes and large vessels, possibly causing pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema. The combination of intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal perforation has also been reported.
Pneumothorax following a colonoscopy sigmoid perforation is an extremely rare but severe and often lifethreatening complication.
Conclusion. If the patient develops dyspnea and pneumoderma during or after this procedure, a chest radiogram or thoracoabdominal CT should be taken for diagnostic purposes. Urgent treatment, starting with chest tube insertion(s) and laparotomy or laparoscopy could be lifesaving.

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    doi: 10.11138/gchir/2018.39.6.375
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