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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Transoral video assisted thyroidectomy: a systematic review

Review, 276 - 283
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2018.39.5.276
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Abstract
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Introduction. The aim of this study is to perform a review of the English-language international literature concerning thyroid surgery performed through the transoral vestibular approach, to evaluate its flessibility and safety in terms of complications.
Materials and method. The review was carried out on 17 studies of 17 different Authors. The following variables were taken into consideration: first Author's name, nationality, year of publication, number of cases, hospital stay, conversion rate, type of surgical approach, total number of total thyroidectomies and loboisthmectomies, operative time range, intraoperative blood loss range, number and percentage of complications.
Results. 736 procedures were performed: 289 total thyroidectomies and 447 loboisthmectomies. Surgical approach was trivestibular in 15 cases and combined (oro-vestibular) in 2 cases. The operative time varies from 43 minutes for a loboisthmectomy to 345 for a total thyroidectomy.
Intraoperative blood loss ranges from 3 to 300 ml. Ten cases were converted into open surgery. The hospital stay varies from 1 to 10 days. Complications were: transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in 34 cases, permanent in 2 cases; transient hypoparathyroidism in 62 cases.
One case of postoperative bleeding, 22 postoperative seroma, 20 cases of mental nerve injury, 8 cases of operative wound infection.
Conclusions. Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) is a new surgical method, the use of which exclusively meets the aesthetic needs of some patients. Its specific complication is the injury of the mental nerves. Further studies, however, seem to be necessary, on numerically broader cases, to ascertain the real validity of the method.

Vol. XXXIX (No. 6) 2018 November - December

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