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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Malakoplakia of the large intestine: an incidental extremely rare finding

Clinical practice, 97 - 100
doi: 11138/gchir/2018.39.2.097
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Abstract
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Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory disease, most commonly found in the urinary tract. It appears be related to a functional deficiency of macrophages, resulting in an inability to destroy digested bacteria and it is associated with various conditions that cause immunodeficiency.
A rare case of malakoplakia of the colon in a healthy 68-year old male is presented. The patient underwent emergency surgery with colon resection and an end stoma with closure of the distal bowel (Hartmann’s procedure), due to incarcerated ventral hernia and sigmoid-colon rupture. He underwent reversal of the Hartmann’s procedure four months after the initial operation.
The histological examination from the anastomotic rings revealed Michaelis–Gutmann bodies that are pathognomonic of malakoplakia. He received per os ciprofloxacin, bethanecol and ascorbic acid for 12 months. Follow-up endoscopy did not exhibit any signs
of the disease. A case of a healthy patient presenting with malakoplakia without any underlying disease that causes immunodeficiency is extremely rare. Treatment of malakoplakia involves the eradication of microorganisms. Cholinergic agonists, such as bethanechol and ascorbic acid, as well as antimicrobial treatment with trimpethoprim/sulphamethoxazol and rifampicin are most commonly being used. Long-term antimicrobial treatment has been reported (6 months to 3 years).

Vol. XXXIX (No. 2) 2018 March-April

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