Aim. Enhanced recovery after surgery programs aims to standardize care, improving colorectal surgery outcomes. Older patients are a challenge population for these programs. The aim of this manuscript is to explore the effect of application Enhanced recovery after surgery protocol among older patients and high-risk patients undergone colorectal surgery for cancer.
Method. Since January 2005, until September 2016, 1189 consecutive patients underwent elective Colorectal Surgery and treated according to our Enhanced recovery after surgery protocol.
Patients are divided in three groups according to age: Group1 under 69 y-o (control group), Group2 70 to 79 y-o and Group3 over 80 y-o. Primary end point was Time to Readiness to Discharge.
Results. Median Time to Readiness to Discharge was 4 days (3-30) in Group 1, 5 (3-47) in Group 2 and 5 (3-19) in Group 3. Length of stay in Group 1 had a median length of 6 days (3-58), in Group 2 of 8 days (3-70) and in Group 3 of 8 days (3-53).
Conclusions. Once more Enhanced recovery after surgery program has showed its efficacy in colorectal surgery field. Moreover, our experience has underlined the need to concentrate efforts mainly on older and high-risk patients.
KEY WORDS: Colorectal surgery - Length of stay - Elective surgical procedures - ERAS.