VOLUME 38 - NUMBER 1 - 2017

Agenesis of the internal carotid artery: a family pathology?

  • Perla F.M., Carbotta G., Di Nardo D., D'Avanzo M., Colaiacomo M.C., Di Biasi C., Falvo L., Carbotta S., Maturo A., Tartaglia F., Tromba L.
  • Clinical practice, 46-49
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  • The internal carotid artery agenesis is a rare malformation disorder. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy suffering migraine, who had presented an episode featuring amaurosis fugax, spontaneously regressed. CT angiography images show hypoplasia of the left common carotid artery with loss of opacification of the left internal carotid artery consistent to agenesis. Moreover CT scans through the skull base demonstrate absence of left petrous carotid canal and an hypertrophic left middle cerebral artery originating from an aberrant artery arising from the right cavernous carotid. All diagnostic examinations confirmed the presence of the internal carotid artery agenesis, as Lie’s type IV. We started an annual follow up that over the next 7 years did not reveal any change in magnetic resonance angiography images.

  • KEY WORDS: Vascular abnormalities - Internal carotid artery agenesis - Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Magnetic Resonance Angiography.