Although the surgical procedures concerning the thyroid and the parathyroid glands are considered safe, the possible occurrence of complications (mainly hematoma and hypocalcemia) limit the short stay surgery. At our institution a 23-hour-surgery with overnight hospital stay for endocrine neck surgical procedures was introduced since 2004.
The present case series analyses the institutional results. Over 1913 endocrine neck surgery procedures, 1730 patients (90,2%) were managed according to this model. Among these patients, 92 suffered from hypocalcemia, 12 from airways obstruction due to the hematoma, 5 from bilateral nerve palsy. 15 more patients had unpredictable general disease compromising the short-stay surgery management. The goal of the discharge after 23 hours was achieved in 92,8% of cases with a mean hospital stay of 1,1days. The 23-hour observation with an overnight surgery is feasible and safe if the correct indications are observed. A considerable volume of specific activity is needed.
KEY WORDS: Short stay surgery - Thyroidectomy - Parathyroidectomy - Neck hematoma - Hypocalcemia.