Purpose. To evaluate retrospectively and compare the long-term patency and the antihypertensive effect of open surgery, angioplasty, and stent insertion of the renal artery stenosis due to Takayasu's arteritis. Patients and methods. We retrospectively analyzed and compared the effects on blood pressure and permeability of the renal artery over 23 patients (age ranging from 16 to 60 years, mean 33.9 years); with renovascular hypertension caused by Takayasu's arteritis. those patients underwent surgical treatment (11 arteries) or endovascular (19) including angioplasty (11) and stenting (8) for 30 stenotic renal arteries.
Results. Technical success was 96.7% (29/30) without major complications (but longer period of hospitalization among patients who had surgery). In the last follow-up CT angiography (mean 60 ± 36 months), restenosis was 18.2% (2/11) in the surgery, 9% (1/11) in the angioplasty, and 62.5% (5/8) in the stenting. Rate of the permeability of the surgery was 100%, 90.9% , 81.8%, the permeability of the angioplasty was 100%, 90.9%, 90.9%, primary patency rate stenting was 62.5%, 37.5%, 37.5%, assists permeability was 87.5%, 75%, 50% at 1, 3 and 5 years, respectively.
In the clinical follow-up (mean 60 ± 37.8 months, range 48-96 months) beneficial effects on blood pressure were achieved into 91.3% of patients (21/23), and there was no significant difference between patients who have been treated by surgery and angioplasty alone and the patients who received a stent in at least one renal artery.
Conclusion. Angioplasty has shown better long-term patency and a similar clinical benefit of renovascular hypertension in renal artery stenosis caused by Takayasu's arteritis compared with the surgery and the stenting. We suggest that stenting should be reserved in case of clear failure of the angioplasty. The surgery is our choice for patients who do not meet the indication of endovascular treatment or failure of this treatment.