Background. Internal haemorrhagic pachymeningiosis (IHP) is a rare disease characterized by a fibrous thickening and inflammatory infiltration in dural space mimicking chronic subdural hematoma. The pathogenesis of IHP is not entirely clear yet and treatment is still controversial.
Objective. We want to emphasize the importance of differentiating pachymeningiosis from chronic subdural hematoma as distinct pathological entities.
Patients and methods. The records of five selected cases of IHP histologically confirmed were reviewed, focusing onset, neuroimaging, surgery and outcomes.
Conclusions. IHP is most likely underestimated. Only through multidisciplinary approach it is possible to plane the proper therapeutic strategy. The diagnosis of IHP is confirmed by definitive histology but in some cases is possible with intraoperative frozen section.