VOLUME 35 - NUMBER 1-2 - 2014

Mini-invasive tension-free surgery for female urinary incontinence

  • Leanza V., Intagliata E., Ferla F., Leanza A., Cannizzaro M.A., Vecchio R.
  • Mini-Review, 36-41
  • Full text PDF

  • The Authors describe the techniques they perform of prepubic, retropubic and transobturator mini-invasive anti-incontinence surgical procedures and point-out some technical details. The state of art and the results of these three main surgical procedure are compared and discussed. Data from the Literature have been reviewed in order to evaluate the efficacy of the techniques. A Medline search has been performed, and 65 relevant articles from 1996 to 2012 were selected. Literature showed similar cure rates among retropubic (71,4-91%), trans-oburator (77,3-95%) and prepubic (81-87,2%) anti-incontinence procedures. Cystoscopy was considered necessary in the retropubic, optional in transobturator and in the prepubic techniques. Intra-operative cough stress test was believed useful only in the retropubic and prepubic procedures. Obstruction symptoms prevailed in the retropubic, were rare in the transobturator and missing in the prepubic technique. Erosion rate was very low and similar for all the three techniques. Intra-operative vascular and perforating risks prevailed in the retropubic technique, due to the danger present in the retropubic space, whereas late infective complications overcame in the transobturator procedure. Severe complications in the prepubic procedure were not reported, but the procedure is performed only in few centers.

  • KEY WORDS: Urinary incontinence - Prepubic TVT - Retropubic TVT - TOT - Midurethral sling.