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Il Giornale di Chirurgia

Topical hemostasis in laparoscopic surgery

Mini-reviews, 266 - 270
doi: 10.11138/gchir/2016.37.6.266
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Abstract
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A major goal during any surgical intervention is minimization of blood loss, which reduces the need for blood transfusion.
In open surgery, the possibility for the surgeon to use the hands directly in contact with the bleeding tissues for hemostasis, makes mechanical methods, such as compression, ligatures or sutures, important to achieve proper hemostasis.
In laparoscopic surgery, where the intervention is performed by means of small incisions through which the surgeon’s hand cannot directly achieve the tissues, the problem of hemostasis is critical and needs more attention.
Either in open or in laparoscopic surgery, significant bleeding during surgery is controlled through vessel ligation, suturing, and electrocautery.
Topical hemostatic agents are useful adjuncts to surgical hemostasis for controlling non-specific bleeding. The introduction of different devices and topical agents has made possible to perform more complex interventions also in laparoscopy.
The Authors discuss about the type, the field of application, the side effects of the hemostatic devices and of the topical hemostatic agents.

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